The Ridge to Reef approach explores and targets ways to reduce the transfers of chemicals, nutrients and sediments from agriculture, forestry in catchments, and untreated wastewater to minimize the damage to coastal ecosystems, including coral reefs and coastal waters.

The distinct inter-connection between land, water and coastal systems in PSIDS, coupled with their high vulnerability to climatic changes and limited human resource capacity make a strong case for the R2R approach in the Pacific. 

A “whole of ecosystem” and “whole of island” approach ensures that policies, multiple sectors, agencies and community interests are properly considered and integrated in the planning and management of resources.